J. M. W. Turner - The Burning of the Houses of Lords and Commons (1835).
On 16 October 1834, Turner was among the people who watched the fire that burnt down most of the Palace of Westminster and painted the subject several times. He made two paintings, seen from the Surrey side of the Thames, showing the fire at its height and diminishing somewhat. Both these are in the USA, at the museums of Philadelphia and Cleveland respectively. There are nine watercolours, which are usually thought to be of the fire. However, not all authorities agree on this.
See the watercolours HERE